International best practices and regulatory frameworks

The hazards associated with the delivery and transfer of hydrocarbons are addressed by controls and good operating practices.

  • Operation by trained and competent staff

  • Use of formal process hazard analysis techniques in developing the design

  • Operation in accordance with formal standard operating procedures which recognise potential safety and environmental hazards under normal and upset conditions

  • Design and construction of plant and facilities in accordance with good engineering practice and local regulations

  • High-integrity instrumentation and control systems

  • Proactive mechanical integrity assurance programmes underpinned by robust independent inspection

  • Formal classification of hazardous areas and specification of appropriate equipment for use in potentially explosive atmospheres; strict prohibition of ignition sources in these areas